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Alabama State Drug Testing Laws

Workplace Drug Testing Issues – Alabama State Laws

These categories do not affect DOT-regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing. Consider marijuana laws before terminating an employee for a positive test for marijuana.

Alabama has a voluntary law that allows for a 5% workers compensation discount. The Alabama Department of Labor Workers’ Compensation Division has adopted administrative rules which address the elements of the drug-free workplace program and the certification process. This chart is based on those rules.

2020 Update – A law passed to make it a criminal offense to use or distribute synthetic urine or urine additives to defraud a drug test. This is an effort to reduce drug test cheating.

Important to Note: Alabama requires an employer to notify employees and applicants in writing of positive results (negative not required unless specifically requested by the individual) within five days of receipt of the results from the laboratory.

Drug Testing IssueStatusComments
Instant or POCT TestingRestrictionsFor a voluntary program, all initial and confirmation testing must take place in a laboratory.
Drug Panels5 PanelVoluntary program requires DOT Like
LaboratorySAMHSA CertifiedVoluntary program requires DOT Like
Medical Review Officer – MRORequiredRequired for both positive and negative results
Random TestingNo restrictionsOptional
Post-AccidentNo restrictionsVoluntary program requires DOT Like
Reasonable SuspicionNo restrictionsVoluntary program requires DOT Like
Oral FluidsRestrictionsVoluntary program requires DOT Like
Hair TestingRestrictionsVoluntary program requires DOT Like
Unemployment DenialYesUnemployment law and court decisions may result in denial of benefits when fired for a positive drug test.
Workers Comp DiscountYesThere is a 5 percent (5%) workers’ compensation insurance premium discount for those employers who establish a drug-free workplace on the job – §25-5-330.
Intoxication DefenseYesWorkers’ Compensation intoxication defense to a claim exists, including rebuttable presumption.
Medical MarijuanaNo 
Recreational MarijuanaNo 
Report Driver DOT PositivesNo 
General Statute Alabama does not have a general drug testing law, but it does have a voluntary drug-free workplace law- ARTICLE 13. DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE PROGRAM. The voluntary law does not prohibit private employers from conducting random substance abuse testing or another lawful testing of employees.



Employers desiring a Drug-Free Workplace certification according to Alabama Act 95-535 shall submit their request in writing on forms as approved by the Director to the Department of Industrial Relations, Workers’ Compensation Division, Drug-Free Workplace Certification Program – Application. For the Alabama voluntary drug-free workplace – instant drug testing or POCT testing is prohibited.

Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim – States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker’s intoxication against a compensation claim. State laws’ intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: reasons that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury. Always check with your insurance company and your attorney when you have a refusal or positive post-accident test after an injury.

This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law vary greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.

View Individual State Law Summaries

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