Workplace Drug Testing Issues – North Dakota State Laws
North Dakota has no comprehensive law addressing drug testing in private employment.
These categories do not affect DOT-regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.
Workplace Drug Testing Laws in North Dakota
|Drug Testing Issue||Status||Comments|
|Instant or POCT Testing||No Restrictions|
|Drug Panels||No Restrictions|
|Laboratory||No Restrictions||SAMHSA certified lab highly recommended|
|Medical Review Officer||Not required||Highly recommended|
|Random Testing||No Restrictions|
Note: In North Dakota, it is a class A misdemeanor for defrauding a urine test, and the test is designed to detect the presence of a chemical substance or a controlled substance. A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor if that person knowingly possesses, distributes, or assists in using a device, chemical, or natural or artificial urine advertised or intended to be used to alter the outcome of a urine test.
Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim – States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker’s intoxication against a compensation claim. State laws’ intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: reasons that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury. Always check with your insurance company and your attorney when you have a refusal or positive post-accident test after an injury.
This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law vary greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.