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Oklahoma State Drug Testing Laws

Workplace drug testing issues – State Laws – Oklahoma

These categories do not affect DOT-regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.

All testing still must be conducted under the Oklahoma Standards for Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Act.

March 14, 2019 – Medical marijuana “Unity Bill” provides that an employer may not refuse to hire, discipline, discharge, or otherwise penalize an applicant or employee solely based on a positive drug test result for marijuana, unless:

  1. The applicant or employee does not own a valid medical marijuana license;
  2. The licensee possesses, consumes, or is under the influence of medical marijuana or medical marijuana product while at the place of employment or during the fulfillment of employment obligations [the law does not define “under the influence”];
  3. The position involves safety-sensitive job duties, as such a term is defined in [the law].

2020 Update – Funding has been authorized for a pilot program for a marijuana breathalyzer.

Workplace Drug Testing Laws in Oklahoma

Drug Testing IssueStatusComments
Instant or POCT TestingRestrictedOn-site allowed, but specific qualifications required. LabCorp performs instant testing, Quest Diagnostics does not, and Instant testing must be performed at a certified collection site.
Drug PanelsRestrictedDrugs: Testing is limited to only Schedule I, II, or III substances, typically a nine-panel.
LaboratoryRestrictedTesting facilities must be licensed, SAMHSA or CAP.
Medical Review OfficerNo RestrictionsHighly recommended
Random TestingNo Restrictions 
Post-AccidentRestrictedWhen the employee or another person has sustained an injury while at work or property has been damaged, including equipment damage
Reasonable SuspicionNo RestrictionsFor causes with reasonable suspicion, the supervisor should document.
Oral FluidsNo restrictions 
Hair TestingPermittedOnly five listed drugs and metabolites in Schedule I, II, or III can be tested.
Unemployment DenialYesAnyone fired for refusing a test or testing positive will be disqualified for unemployment.
Workers Comp DiscountNo 
Intoxication DefenseYesAnyone testing positive for or refusing to take a post-accident test is ineligible for workers’ compensation benefits. See note
Medical MarijuanaYesMedical marijuana was legalized in Oklahoma in 2018 when voters approved Oklahoma State Question 788, or the Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, on June 26. This initiative made Oklahoma the 30th state to legalize cannabis for medicinal use.
Recreational MarijuanaNo 
Report Driver DOT PositivesNo 
General Statute Standards for Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Act

Standards for Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Act – Chapter 15 – a written policy is required.

Note: Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim – Oklahoma law section 554(3) provides: “For purposes of workers’ compensation no employee who tests positive for the presence of [“huffing”] substances, alcohol, illegal drugs, or illegally used chemicals, or refuses to take a drug or alcohol test required by the Company, shall be eligible for such compensation.”

More on Drug Testing in Oklahoma City

National Drug Screening operates drug test centers in Oklahoma City and surrounding Nichols Hills, Bethany, Warr Acres, Del City, Wheatland, Midwest City, and Yukon. Drug testing is available for employer drug testing programs and individuals for court-ordered drug testing, probation drug testing, and personal drug testing.

Personal drug tests in Oklahoma City are available with same-day service. If you need a drug test for a court-ordered situation, child custody, probation, or any other personal drug test, call National Drug Screening for same-day service. Hair drug testing and EtG alcohol are also available in Oklahoma City.

Drug testing in Oklahoma City is available for employers to participate in a drug-free workplace. Changes were made to the Oklahoma laws for drug-free workplaces in November of 2011. The changes were employer-friendly. Oklahoma law for the drug-free workplace is the Oklahoma Standards for Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Act.

Washington, D.C. October 7, 2013 – Oklahoma has the fifth highest drug overdose mortality rate in the United States, with 19.4 per 100,000 people suffering drug overdose fatalities, according to a report, Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Stop the Epidemic.

Methamphetamine and Meth labs are significant problems in Oklahoma. Marijuana is the most commonly cited drug among primary drug treatment admissions in Oklahoma, followed by stimulants (including methamphetamine).

In sports, Oklahoma State was fined and penalized due to not following its drug testing policy. The NCAA found that five Oklahoma State football players participated in a total of seven games from 2008-12 when they should have otherwise been withheld due to Oklahoma State’s drug-testing policy.

For employment drug testing, Oklahoma is a “mandatory” state, meaning, if an employer chooses to conduct drug or alcohol testing, such tests must be performed per state law. The drug-free workplace policy must address who can be tested and under what circumstances, what drugs are being tested for, possible consequences for testing positive, and appeal procedures. Drug testing policy must be given to new employees upon being hired.

In Oklahoma, post-accident drug testing or alcohol testing should be conducted. An employer may require an employee to undergo drug or alcohol testing if the employee or another person has sustained an injury while at work or property has been damaged, including equipment damage. If you test positive for drugs in Oklahoma City, you can lose workers’ comp benefits rights.

Reasonable suspicion or for-cause testing is allowed in Oklahoma. A trained supervisor should make the observations for reasonable suspicion testing. These observations should be specific and contemporary based on the employees’ performance and behavior. Supervisors should look for actual drugs on the premises or the person’s body. They should see, hear or smell indications of drug use or alcohol use.

Drug and alcohol testing is available in Oklahoma City at our many drug testing locations. Services are same-day, secure, confidential, and affordable. Drug test centers open daily in Oklahoma City, Edmond, Moore, Norman, El Reno, and Oklahoma. Court-ordered drug testing in Oklahoma City is available with one quick phone call.

In Oklahoma City, drug testing is available for court-ordered drug testing, probation drug testing, employment drug testing, DOT drug testing, alcohol testing, EtG alcohol testing, and hair testing.

This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law vary greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.

View Individual State Law Summaries

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